Between Past and Present: Contrasting the Theological Views of and Contemporary Zoroastrians in Sistan-o-Baluchistan

Authors

  • Alif Awwal Research Scholar at Al-Mustafa International University, Qom (Iran)
  • Dr. Syed Raheem Abbas Shah Assistant Professor, Dpeartment of Political Science at the Government Graduate College Bhakkar, and former Research Fellow at Al-Mustafa International University, Qom (Iran)

Keywords:

Sistan-o-Baluchistan, Modernity, Religious Practices, Cultrual Heritage, Ancient Persian Urbanization, Zoroastrianism

Abstract

This study offers a comprehensive exploration of the evolution of Zoroastrian theology in the region, examining the contrast between ancient beliefs and contemporary interpretations. The significance of this study lies in its contribution to understanding how Zoroastrianism has adapted and transformed over time in response to historical, cultural and social changes. Key research questions include: What are the core theological beliefs of ancient Zoroastrianism in Sistan-o-Baluchistan and how do they differ from modern interpretations? How have external influences and internal developments shaped the evolution of Zoroastrian theology in the region? Previous works by scholars such as Rahimkhani (2010) provide valuable insights into the historical context of Zoroastrianism in Sistan-o-Baluchistan, laying the foundation for this comparative analysis. Methodologically, this study employs a combination of textual analysis, historical research and interviews with contemporary Zoroastrian scholars and practitioners to explain the theological shifts and continuity over time. By contrasting ancient and contemporary perspectives, this research aims to provoke further inquiry into the dynamic nature of Zoroastrian theology and its relevance in the modern world, promoting a deeper understanding of the rich heritage of Zoroastrianism in Sistan-o-Baluchistan.

References

Abbas, Zaigham. (2024). Zoroastrianism in Sistan-o-Baluchistan. London. Brill.

Ali, Mariam. (2024). Islam and Zorastrainism. Oxford. Z Pub.

Boyce, M. (1975). A History of Zoroastrianism, Vol. 1: The Early Period. Brill.

Dhalla, M. N. (1938). History of Zoroastrianism. Oxford University Press.

Farrokhzad, A. (1920). Reform and Renewal in Zoroastrian Theology. Tehran University Press.

Hakimzadeh, M. (2015). Syncretism and Adaptation: The Evolution of Zoroastrian Theology in Medieval Sistan-o-Baluchistan. Cambridge University Press.

Karimi, A. (2018). "Interfaith Dialogue and Religious Tolerance: A Case Study of Zoroastrian Initiatives in Sistan-o-Baluchistan." Journal of Religious Studies, 45(2), 76-89.

Kazemi, F. (2019). "Cultural Revitalization and Identity Preservation: Traditional Crafts among Zoroastrians in Sistan-o-Baluchistan." Cultural Heritage Quarterly, 33(4), 102-115.

Kreyenbroek, P. (2003). The Zoroastrian Tradition: An Introduction to the Ancient Wisdom of Zarathustra. Bloomsbury Academic.

Kriwaczek, P. (2011). In Search of Zarathustra: The First Prophet and the Ideas that Changed the World. Vintage.

Malandra, W. W. (2016). The Ahura Mazda Concept in the Gathas of Zarathushtra. Walter de Gruyter.

Mehr, H. (2022). "Youth Engagement in Zoroastrian Rituals: A Study of Contemporary Practices in Sistan-o-Baluchistan." Journal of Modern Religion, 58(1), 112-125.

Mohammadi, S. (2020). "Urbanization and Zoroastrian Community Building in Sistan-o-Baluchistan." Urban Studies Journal, 77(3), 67-79.

Nigosian, S. A. (2015). Zoroastrian Faith: Tradition and Modern Research. McGill-Queen's University Press.

Rahimi, M. (2023). "Adaptations to Urbanization: Changes in Zoroastrian Practices in Sistan-o-Baluchistan." Urban Anthropology Review, 45(2), 88-101.

Rahimkhani, B. (2010). Towards a Contemporary Zoroastrian Theology: Reflections from Sistan-o-Baluchistan. Oxford University Press.

Rezai, N. (2021). "Preservation of Zoroastrian Cultural Heritage: Strategies and Challenges in Sistan-o-Baluchistan." Heritage Studies Journal, 28(1), 55-68.

Sajjadi, M. (2008). Ancient Zoroastrian Theology in Sistan-o-Baluchistan. Sistan University Press.

Sedghi, H. (2018). "Modern Zoroastrianism: Identity and Change in Iran and the Diaspora." Iranian Studies, 51(1), 45-65. DOI: 10.1080/00210862.2017.1414067

Shahrokh, R. (2019). "Technological Innovations in Zoroastrian Rituals: A Study of Online Ceremonies in Sistan-o-Baluchistan." Journal of Technology and Religion, 12(2), 87-99.

Shokoohy, M., & Shokoohy, N. (2016). The Temple of Fire: The Ritual Dimension of Zoroastrianism in Iran. I.B.Tauris.

Zahedi, M. (2020). "Environmental Initiatives and Ethical Living: A Case Study of Zoroastrians in Sistan-o-Baluchistan." *Environmental Sustainability Journal, 43*(3), 45-58.

Downloads

Published

01-05-2024

How to Cite

Alif Awwal, & Dr. Syed Raheem Abbas Shah. (2024). Between Past and Present: Contrasting the Theological Views of and Contemporary Zoroastrians in Sistan-o-Baluchistan. Insights of Mystical, Spiritual and Theological Studies, 3(2), 1–9. Retrieved from http://imsts.rmrpublishers.org/index.php/files/article/view/64